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J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 1986 Nov;45(6):647-64.

Isolation and partial characterization of neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaque core in Alzheimer's disease: immunohistological studies.

Abstract

Fractions enriched in neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) and amyloid fibrils were isolated from the cerebral cortex of three cases of senile dementia of the Alzheimer type. Distilled water suspensions of these fractions were excluded from all pore size gels and resisted digestion with various proteolytic enzymes. Formic acid/chloroform treatment of each fraction resulted in the appearance of 4,000-6,000, 15,000-17,000 and 24,000 molecular weight proteins, with concomitant diminution in the amount of excluded material at the top of each gel. The 4,000-6,000 dalton band was best seen in fractions containing randomly arranged amyloid fibrils, and its amino acid composition resembled that of the recently reported "beta" protein. A polyclonal antiserum to purified NFT reacted with tangles in neurons and in dystrophic neurites around plaques by immunoperoxidase staining. No reaction was obtained with cerebrovascular or plaque core amyloid immunohistologically, or with the 4-6 kD protein on immunoblots. Cross-reactivity with the neurofibrillary lesions occurring in Pick's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy, postencephalitic Parkinsonism and dementia pugilistica was also seen. Specific binding of this antiserum to the double filamentous structure was confirmed by immunoelectron microscopy. Although the presence of "beta" protein in both NFT and amyloid-containing fractions suggests that it may be an important constituent of both, cross-contamination cannot be excluded.

PMID:
3772397
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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