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J Am Acad Dermatol. 1986 Oct;15(4 Pt 2):836-59.

Topical tretinoin for photoaged skin.


Daily topical application of 0.05% tretinoin in a cream base was compared with its vehicle with regard to moderation of photoaging changes of the face and forearms. In comparison with the control tissue, tretinoin-treated tissue examined by light and electron microscopy showed the following effects: replacement of the atrophic epidermis by hyperplasia, elimination of dysplasia and atypia, eradication of microscopic actinic keratoses, uniform dispersion of melanin granules, new collagen formation in the papillary dermis, new vessel formation (angiogenesis), and exfoliation of retained horn in the follicles. Physiologic studies demonstrated: increased blood flow and dermal clearance, increased transepidermal water loss, and greater permeability and reactivity. It was concluded that topical tretinoin is capable of at least partly reversing the structural damages of excessive sunlight exposure and may be useful in decelerating the photoaging process.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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