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Brain Res. 1986 Sep 10;382(1):178-84.

Medullary pressor area: site of action of intravenous physostigmine.


Physostigmine, a choline-esterase inhibitor, is known to elevate endogenous levels of acetylcholine. Intravenously administered physostigmine causes a rise in blood pressure via its action in the central nervous system. Exact site of this action of physostigmine is not known. In this paper, it was demonstrated that microinjections of tetrodotoxin (a fast sodium channel blocker), lidocaine (a local anesthetic) and scopolamine (a cholinergic muscarinic receptor blocker) into the rostral ventrolateral medullary pressor area abolished the pressor action of intravenously administered physostigmine. These results demonstrate that the rostral ventrolateral medulla is the site of action of intravenously administered physostigmine and this action is mediated via cholinergic muscarinic receptors.

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