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Biochemistry. 1986 Sep 9;25(18):5057-63.

A 10S particle released from deoxyribonuclease-sensitive regions of HeLa cell nuclei contains the 86-kilodalton-70-kilodalton protein complex.


Digestion of HeLa cell nuclei with micrococcal nuclease or deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) released the 86-kilodalton-70-kilodalton (kDa) protein complex in particles sedimenting at approximately 10 S in sucrose density gradients. Immunoaffinity-purified 32P-labeled complexes contained 86- and 70-kDa polypeptides with phosphorylated serine residues and DNA fragments, of which the largest was 110 base pairs long. Digestion of nick-translated nuclei with micrococcal nuclease released 32P-labeled 10S particles that were immunoaffinity-purified; they contained labeled 110-base-pair DNA fragments. The micrococcal nuclease digests were analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis, which separated nucleosomes in the first dimension and the associated proteins in the second. Western blots of the separated proteins showed that the 86-kDa-70-kDa complex was associated with the mono-, di-, and trinucleosomes. A more extensive electrophoretic separation revealed that the 10S particle from nick-translated nuclei migrated with a subfraction of the mononucleosomes that lacked H1 histones. These results suggest that the 10S particle which contains the 86-kDa-70-kDa complex is associated with an unfolded nucleosome that is present in DNase I sensitive regions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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