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Am J Physiol. 1986 Oct;251(4 Pt 1):C549-57.

Human platelet osmotic water and nonelectrolyte transport.

Abstract

The osmotic water (Pf) and nonelectrolyte permeability (Ps) properties of human platelets were characterized using the stopped-flow light-scattering technique. At 37 degrees C, Pf = 0.007 +/- 0.001 cm/s, the urea reflection coefficient (sigma urea) = 0.95 +/- 0.04, and Ps for a series of permeant nonelectrolytes was (in cm X s-1 X 10(-6)) 2.1 (urea), 3.5 (glycerol), 3.8 (thiourea), 17 (ethylene glycol), 18 (acetamide), 23 (formamide), and 24 (butyramide). Pf did not depend on the size of the osmotic gradient or on the direction of volume flow. Mercurial sulfhydryl reagents did not inhibit osmotic water transport, and phloretin and phenylurea did not inhibit urea transport. There was a discontinuity in the temperature dependence for both Pf and urea permeability (P urea) at 36 degrees C; enthalpy (delta H) = 25 (greater than 36 degrees C) and 4.4 kcal/mol (less than 36 degrees C) for Pf, and delta H = 26 (greater than 36 degrees C) and 7 kcal/mol (less than 36 degrees C) for P urea. In contrast to the facilitated water and urea transport systems in the red blood cell, these results suggest that the mechanism for water and urea transport in the platelet is primarily by diffusion through membrane phospholipid. A computer-simulated model of platelet circulation through the renal medulla, based on the measured values for Pf, P urea, and sigma urea, indicated that platelets undergo an approximately 40% decrease in volume in the inner medulla and an approximately 20% overshoot in volume as they return to the external isosmotic environment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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