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Epilepsia. 1986 Sep-Oct;27(5):534-7.

Effect of carbamazepine on dopamine release and reuptake in rat striatal slices.


Carbamazepine has been shown to enhance dopaminergic agonist behavioral effects, but not to displace [3H]spiroperidol binding. To verify if carbamazepine acts presynaptically on dopaminergic neurons, reuptake and release of [3H]dopamine were measured in rat striatal slices in vitro. It was observed that carbamazepine blocked 20% of the reuptake of [3H]dopamine, while cocaine blocked 82% of the reuptake, compared with control. Carbamazepine released 62% and tyramine released 92% of the accumulated [3H]dopamine, compared with control. It was concluded that carbamazepine acts presynaptically on striatal neurons, mainly through enhancement of dopamine release. This finding can be related to some behavioral effects described for carbamazepine; however, the importance of its effects in epileptic and manic-depressive patients remains to be clarified.

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