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Can J Vet Res. 1986 Apr;50(2):259-64.

Infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis: comparison of infection, signs of disease and weight gain in vaccinated versus nonvaccinated purebred Hereford heifer calves.


To determine whether the carrier state of Moraxella bovis could be prevented under natural conditions of exposure by vaccination, purebred Hereford calves were vaccinated twice; once in June 1982, and again in September 1982. Eyes of calves were examined for signs of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK) and cultured for M. bovis in June 1982, September 1982, January 1983 and June 1983. When calves were compared on the basis of selection lines (four genetic groups), there were significant (P less than 0.05) differences in the percentages of infection, disease and weight gain between selection line calves, regardless of their vaccination status. Results suggest that vaccination, in conjunction with clinical infectious, bovine keratoconjunctivitis, reduces the carrier state of M. bovis in the herd but the immunity lasted less than 9 months. The disproportionate representation of the most genetically resistant calves among nonvaccinated calves probably accounted for the equivocal results between vaccinated and nonvaccinated calves.

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