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Unfallchirurgie. 1986 Jun;12(3):135-42.

[Concomitant osseous and ligamentous injuries of traumatic shoulder dislocation and its significance for the pathogenesis of habitual dislocation].

[Article in German]


161 consecutive patients with traumatic shoulder luxation between 1975 and 1983 are followed, concerning their evolution to recurrent shoulder dislocation. In 26 patients there was a recurrent shoulder dislocation in a mean time of 19 months after the first luxation. In literature the common level of recurrent dislocation is higher than our 16.1%, despite of the shorter immobilising time after the first shoulder luxation in our center. When there is no evolution to recurrent dislocation, a stable shoulder and a normal shoulder function without pain can be expected in 95%. The compression fracture of the humeral head and the avulsion of the glenoid margin were made responsible for the recurrent dislocation, mostly appearing in adult men, younger than 35 (55% of all recurrent dislocations). Because avulsion fractures of the tuberculum majus don't lead to an unstable fracture neither the existence of a compression defect in the humeral head is pathognomonic for an unstable shoulder, nor a lack of such radiological appearance excludes a recurrent dislocation. In first instance rotatory cuff injuries could be responsible for the instability of the shoulder joint. All patients with this invalidating injuries should be stimulated to an operative procedure, because after correction of an unstable shoulder by a derotation osteotomy of Weber or the elevation of the anterior margin of glenoid in the technique of Trillat good results with normal functional capacities of the shoulder can be expected.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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