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J Parasitol. 1986 Jun;72(3):397-404.

Schistosoma mansoni: production of cercarial eicosanoids as correlates of penetration and transformation.


A method was developed, using a 0.25% agar matrix, to incorporate varying concentrations of linoleate and correlate cercarial transformation and eicosanoid production in vitro. Schistosoma mansoni cercariae were stimulated to penetrate over a wide range of linoleate concentrations; however, the transformation process occurred over a narrow range. Approximately 25% of cercariae penetrated the agar matrix in controls (no linoleate) and 0.003 mM linoleate. Penetration rates rose gradually until, at linoleate concentrations of 0.3 mM or greater, penetration approached 100%. The transformation process did not begin until the linoleate concentration in agar reached 2.0 mM (3.8%), and achieved maximum (91%) at 3.0 mM. A concentration of 9.0 mM linoleate gave 100% penetration and transformation rates, but penetration was superficial and cercariae were not viable. Cercarial eicosanoid production was concentration-related. Various eicosanoid classes were associated with cercarial penetration and transformation. Penetration rates were correlated with increasing leukotriene (LT, R = 0.9541) and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE, R = 0.8363) levels, while transformation rates correlated with increasing prostaglandin levels (R = 0.9225). Correlating eicosanoid production with penetration and transformation rates strengthened the hypothesis that successful cercarial penetration and transformation are dependent on both skin essential fatty acid levels and resulting cercarial eicosanoid production.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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