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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1986 Oct;63(4):985-9.

The effect of a low protein diet with amino acid/keto acid supplements on glucose metabolism in children with uremia.


Six children with chronic renal failure were treated with dietary protein restriction and essential amino acid and keto acid supplements for 6 months. Dietary protein and phosphate intake decreased, dietary calcium increased, and dietary carbohydrate and energy did not change. Plasma urea and urea to creatinine ratio decreased significantly during treatment. Glucose metabolism was studied before and after 6 months of treatment using the hyperglycemic clamp technique. Fasting hyperglycemia, glucose intolerance, and insulin resistance improved during treatment, while fasting insulin and insulin levels during hyperglycemia did not change. These metabolic changes were not related to hyperparathyroidism and were probably due to reduction in nitrogen toxicity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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