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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1986 Jul;12(7):1239-42.

SR-4233: a new bioreductive agent with high selective toxicity for hypoxic mammalian cells.

Abstract

We have examined the effects of the benzotriazine di-N-oxide SR-4233 (3-amino-1,2,4-benzotriazine-1,4 dioxide) on a variety of aerobic and hypoxic cells in culture, and on tumors in mice. The cell lines used were Chinese hamster ovary (HA-1), mouse 10T1/2, RIF-1, and SCC VII cells, and the human cell lines HCT-8, AG1522, and A549. The effect of SR 4233 in combination with irradiation was also examined in the SCC VII tumor growing in the flank of C3H mice using clonogenic assay (tumors excised 24 hr after irradiation). We found SR-4233 to be a potent and selective killer of hypoxic cells. Cell killing as a function of time for the various cell lines was exponential, with no shoulder. Drug concentrations producing equivalent levels of cell killing were 75-200 fold lower in hypoxic than in aerobic cells for the mouse and hamster lines, and 15-50 fold lower for the human cells. In vivo experiments showed that the non-toxic dose of 0.3 mmole/kg of SR-4233 enhanced radiation-induced tumor cell kill when the drug was given between 1 hr before and 2 hr after the radiation dose. We have also shown that the drug metabolizes more rapidly under hypoxic than aerobic conditions, both in vitro and in vivo. The toxic product(s) is unknown, but could be the 1-electron reduction product, the radical anion, because the mono N-oxide (the 2-electron reduction product) did not display cytotoxicity or selective killing under hypoxic conditions. This compound could therefore be a useful tool in tumor biology, as well as being a new lead in the development of bioreductive cytotoxic agents for cancer therapy.

PMID:
3744945
DOI:
10.1016/0360-3016(86)90267-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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