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Anal Biochem. 1986 Jul;156(1):154-60.

beta-Sulfopyruvate: chemical and enzymatic syntheses and enzymatic assay.


beta-Sulfopyruvic acid (2-carboxy-2-oxoethanesulfonic acid) is prepared in greater than 90% yield by reaction of bromopyruvic acid with sodium sulfite. beta-[35S]Sulfopyruvate is prepared by transamination between [35S]cysteinesulfonate (cysteate) and alpha-ketoglutarate using mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferase isolated from rat liver. Following either chemical or enzymatic synthesis, the crude reaction product is conveniently purified by chromatography on Dowex 1; beta-sulfopyruvate is isolated as the stable, water-soluble dilithium salt. beta-Sulfopyruvate is shown to be an alternative substrate of mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase; in the presence of 0.25 mM NADH, beta-sulfopyruvate is reduced with an apparent Km of 6.3 mM and a Vmax equal to about 40% of that observed with oxaloacetate. This finding forms the basis of a convenient spectrophotometric assay of beta-sulfopyruvate.

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