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Am J Cardiol. 1986 Aug 1;58(3):319-24.

Radionuclide angiographic evaluation of ventricular function in isolated congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries.


Eight asymptomatic patients (mean age 19 years, range 7 to 32) with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) underwent equilibrium gated radionuclide angiocardiography at rest and during supine bicycle exercise to assess systemic (morphologic right) and pulmonary (morphologic left) ventricular function. Five patients had normal intracardiac hemodynamic values, 2 had trivial atrioventricular valve regurgitation and 1 patient had trivial pulmonary ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Average exercise duration was 11 +/- 1 minute, with limitation due only to fatigue. At peak exercise, heart rate increased 225% and systolic blood pressure 152% over the rest value. Pulmonary ventricular ejection fraction at rest was 51 +/- 3% (mean +/- standard error of the mean); it did not change significantly at peak stress, 53 +/- 2%. Systemic ventricular ejection fraction was 48 +/- 4% at rest and increased to 64 +/- 4% at peak exercise (p less than 0.01). Count-based volume changes for the pulmonary chamber showed no significant change in end-diastolic or systolic counts at peak exercise (109 +/- 8% and 106 +/- 9% of rest value, respectively). However, end-diastolic counts decreased 13% (87 +/- 3% of rest value) and end-systolic counts 34% (62 +/- 7% of rest value) at peak exercise in the systemic ventricle. These data suggest normal systemic and impaired pulmonary ventricular function in patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries unaccompanied by significant associated lesions. These findings have important clinical implications in the setting of complex congenital heart disease in patients in whom a morphologic right ventricle functions as the systemic pumping chamber. Despite the pulmonary ventricular dysfunction, symptoms were not apparent at rest or during exercise.

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