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Scand J Infect Dis. 1986;18(3):235-9.

Antitoxin antibody levels and the outcome of illness during an outbreak of diphtheria among alcoholics.


During an outbreak of diphtheria among alcoholics in Göteborg, Sweden, a study was made of the diphtheria-antitoxin antibodies in serum samples from 8 clinical cases and 36 carriers of toxin-producing Corynebacterium diphtheriae. 33/36 carriers were antibody-positive and had antitoxin titres greater than 0.01 IU/ml, a level which is regarded as relative protective, while only 1/8 clinical cases had such a titre. This patient presented a mild illness with no complications. The results of the study of this outbreak stress the importance of maintaining adequate antibody levels against diphtheria in highly developed societies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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