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J Neurochem. 1986 Aug;47(2):484-8.

Characteristics of the large neutral amino acid transport system of bovine brain microvessel endothelial cell monolayers.


The large neutral amino acid (LNAA) transport system, or L (leucine) system, in primary cultures of bovine brain microvessel endothelial cell monolayers has been characterized. The transendothelial transport of leucine in this in vitro blood-brain barrier (BBB) model was determined to be bidirectional and time, temperature, and concentration dependent. Leucine transport was saturable, and the apparent Km and Vmax were determined to be 0.18 mM and 6.3 nmol/mg/min, respectively. Transendothelial transport of leucine was resistant to inhibition by ouabain and sodium azide. Other LNAAs, including the centrally acting drugs alpha-methyl-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (alpha-methyldopa), L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA), alpha-methyltyrosine, and baclofen, inhibited leucine transport. The leucine carrier system was also found to be stereospecific. Sucrose, used as a diffusion marker, moved across the monolayers slowly, and its concentration was not significant for at least 30 min.

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