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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1986 May;68(3):427-30.

Avascular necrosis in congenital hip dislocation. The significance of splintage.

Abstract

Avascular necrosis is an iatrogenic complication of the treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip. In order to assess the incidence of this and other complications, we have reviewed a consecutive series of 211 children treated at some stage with the modified Denis Browne splint used in Adelaide. In 173 children treated with this splint alone for 238 subluxed or dislocated hips which were stable when reduced, six hips (2.5%) developed radiographic avascular necrosis, though there was progressive growth deformity in only one. There was a much higher incidence among cases treated for unstable reduction by tenotomy, plaster spica and then the splint, 20 of 33 hips (60.6%) showing radiographic signs, though only one led to progressive abnormality. Of seven patients treated by adductor tenotomy and the splint no case of avascular necrosis was encountered. In the whole series the incidence of significant long-term growth disturbance in children treated in this splint was 0.7%. The great majority of our cases of avascular necrosis were attributable to manipulation and plaster, not to the subsequent use of a splint.

PMID:
3733810
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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