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Gastroenterology. 1986 Sep;91(3):637-43.

Trypsin suppression of pancreatic enzyme secretion. Differential effect on cholecystokinin release and the enteropancreatic reflex.


We have recently demonstrated that intraduodenal perfusion of trypsin inhibits phenylalanine-stimulated pancreatic enzyme secretion by suppression of release of cholecystokinin (CCK). It is not known whether trypsin in the duodenum inhibits pancreatic secretion stimulated by a cholinergic mechanism. To investigate this question gastrointestinal intubation and perfusion were performed in 12 healthy subjects. Volume and osmoreceptors in the duodenum, which are known to elicit pancreatic secretion through cholinergic pathways, were stimulated by infusing increasing volumes (1.0, 2.5, and 5.0 ml/min) of normal saline or increasing osmolality (300, 400, 500 mosmol) of NaCl solution. Increasing the rates of intraduodenal perfusion of normal saline or increasing the osmolality of the duodenal perfusates caused a dose-related increase in pancreatic trypsin and chymotrypsin outputs without affecting basal plasma CCK levels (0.9 +/- 0.1 pM). The volume- or osmolality-stimulated pancreatic secretions were abolished by atropine, but not by intraduodenal perfusion of trypsin. In contrast, intraduodenal perfusion of phenylalanine (10 mM) produced a significant increase in plasma CCK levels (6.7 +/- 0.8 pM) and a three- to fourfold increase in pancreatic enzyme outputs. Perfusion of the duodenum with bovine trypsin (1 g/L) reduced the plasma CCK levels to basal values and significantly attenuated the phenylalanine-stimulated enzyme secretion to 63% +/- 4% of control. Simultaneous administration of atropine and intraduodenal perfusion of trypsin completely abolished the pancreatic enzyme response to phenylalanine stimulation. These studies indicate that the intestinal phase of human pancreatic enzyme secretion is under both hormonal and neural control. Intraduodenal trypsin inhibits only pancreatic secretion mediated by CCK release, and not that mediated by cholinergic mechanisms. These observations suggest that feedback regulation of pancreatic enzyme secretion is stimulus specific.

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