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Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 1986 Jun;4(1):33-6.

Efficacy of hepatitis-B immunoglobulin and hepatitis-B vaccine in prevention of the HBsAg carrier state in newborn infants of mothers who are chronic carriers of HBsAg and HBeAg.

Abstract

Combined prophylaxis of perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) with hepatitis-B immunoglobulin (HBIG) and hepatitis-B vaccine was investigated in 40 infants born to HBeAg positive carrier mothers. The efficacy of two combined prophylaxis schedules was compared to 78 similar infants in the control group receiving no treatment, by following the HBV markers at regular intervals up to one year of age. In both schedules, the HBIG and HBV vaccine were given at birth, followed by HBV vaccine given at 30 days and 60 days (group I) or 180 days (group II) of age. The incidence of persistent HBsAg carrier in infants born to HBeAg positive carrier mothers was significantly reduced from 92.6 percent at one year of age in the control group to zero percent (group I) and 11.5 percent (group II) in the treated groups. There was no statistical significant difference in the efficacy of these two combined prophylaxis schedules. HBIG given at birth did not interfere with infant immune response to the hepatitis B vaccine. At twelve months of age, anti-HBs could be detected in 77.8 percent of infants in group I and 89.5 percent in group II with mean titre of 621.4 and 1148.0 in group I and group II respectively. It was concluded that combined prophylaxis with HBIG and hepatitis-B vaccine immediately after birth is the best method for prevention of HBV perinatal transmission from HBeAg positive carrier mothers to their infants.

PMID:
3730058
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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