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Anal Biochem. 1986 Jun;155(2):322-7.

Analysis by reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography of phenylisothiocyanate-derivatized 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid in apple extracts.


A rapid and sensitive method for the determination of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) in apple tissues is described. This method is based on the derivatization of ACC with phenylisothiocyanate, and the subsequent separation and quantification of the resulting phenylthiocarbamyl-ACC by reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography. Phenylthiocarbamylation of ACC (and other amino acids) in apple extracts is complete within 20 min at room temperature. After removing solvents and reagent, the phenylthiocarbamyl derivatives are separated on an octadecyl reverse-phase column, eluted with a mixture of acetonitrile and sodium acetate buffer at pH 4.6, and monitored with a uv detector set at 254 nm. An analysis of apple extract can thus be achieved in 23 min and detect quantities as low as 1 pmol. Assays have been done to compare the efficiency of this method with that of a method using an ion-exchange amino acid analyzer and with that of Lizada and Yang's method [(1979), Anal. Biochem. 100, 140-145]. The latter method proved to yield markedly less accurate results than the other two, but the derivatization-HPLC method was preferred because of simplicity of operation and a better separation of ACC.

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