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Mech Ageing Dev. 1986 Apr;34(2):151-73.

In vitro senescence of Syrian hamster mesenchymal cells of fetal to aged adult origin. Inverse relationship between in vivo donor age and in vitro proliferative capacity.


Normal diploid Syrian hamster dermal mesenchymal cell strains, regardless of the age of the tissue of origin, exhibit in vitro cellular senescence. The frequency of spontaneous escape from senescence and conversion to a permanent cell line is less than 5% among replicate flasks. The overall pattern of senescence of cells of fetal, neonatal, young adult (6 months) and aged adult (24 months) origin is similar in terms of the morphological changes and proliferative changes indicated by the reduction of saturation density, cloning efficiency and [3H]thymidine labeling index and by the increase in population doubling time and cell volume. However, the average maximum cumulative population doubling level is characteristic for each cell type: 13-day gestation fetal cells, 28.6; neonatal cells, 18.7; young adult cells, 13.8; aged adult cells, 11.1. Thus, the in vitro proliferative capacity of Syrian hamster mesenchymal cells is inversely related to the in vivo age of the donor.

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