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J Chromatogr. 1986 May 16;358(1):231-42.

Analysis of amino acids as their tert.-butyldimethylsilyl derivatives by gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry.


A gas-liquid chromatographic procedure is described which will separate and quantitate the seventeen amino acids typically found in protein acid hydrolyzates. If present, tryptophan, cysteine and carboxymethylcysteine can also be simultaneously assayed via this method. The amino acids, as their tert.-butyldimethylsilylated derivatives, are readily separable on SE-30 (wall-coated open-tubular) and OV-17 (bonded) capillary columns, as well as on packed gas-liquid chromatographic columns coated with the same liquid phases. Retention times and responses for all amino acids and internal standards are given. Mass spectral analysis of all tert.-butyldimethylsilylated amino acids is presented and displays a characteristic and unique [M- 57] fragment ion for each amino acid which often dominates the mass spectrum. Application of this method is demonstrated using four well characterized proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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