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Eur J Biochem. 1979 Jan 15;93(2):345-53.

Defect in the split proteins of 30-S ribosomal subunits and under-methylation of 16-S ribosomal RNA in a polyamine-requiring mutant of Escherichia coli grown in the absence of polyamines.

Abstract

Polyphenylalanine synthesis was carried out with Escherichia coli Q13 50-S ribosomal subunits and reconstituted 30-S particles containing different combinations of 23-S core particles and 30-S subunit split proteins obtained from a polyamine-requiring mutant of E. coli during its growth in the presence or absence of putrescine. It was concluded that the defect in the amount of some kinds of 30-S subunit split proteins was responsible for the decrease of polypeptide synthesis in a polyamine-requiring mutant of E. coli grown in the absence of polyamines. The methylation of 16-S RNA during growth in the absence of putrescine was decreased, while the degree of methylation of 23-S RNA did not change significantly. The decrease in methylation of 16-S RNA in the absence of putrescine was due mainly to a decrease of methylation of adenine. The relationship between the decrease of polypeptide synthetic activity of 30-S ribosomal subunits obtained from a polyamine-requiring mutant of E. coli grown in the absence of polyamines and the decrease of methylation of 16-S RNA is discussed.

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