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Biochem Cell Biol. 1986 Feb;64(2):146-53.

Poly(ADP-ribose) accessibility to poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase activity on poly(ADP-ribosyl)ated nucleosomal proteins.


Hydrolysis of protein-bound 32P-labelled poly(ADP-ribose) by poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase shows that there is differential accessibility of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ated proteins in chromatin to poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase. The rapid hydrolysis of hyper(ADP-ribosyl)ated forms of histone H1 indicates the absence of an H1 dimer complex of histone molecules. When the pattern of hydrolysis of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ated histones was analyzed it was found that poly(ADP-ribose) attached to histone H2B is more resistant than the polymer attached to histone H1 or H2A or protein A24. Polymer hydrolysis of the acceptors, which had been labelled at high substrate concentrations (greater than or equal to 10 microM), indicate that the only high molecular weight acceptor protein is poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and that little processing of the enzyme occurs. Finally, electron microscopic evidence shows that hyper(ADP-ribosyl)ated poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, which is dissociated from its DNA-enzyme complex, binds again to DNA after poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase action.

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