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Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1986 Apr;367(4):355-61.

The primary structure of sperm whale hemoglobin (Physeter catodon, cetacea).

Abstract

The complete primary structure of the two major hemoglobin components of sperm whale (Physeter catodon) is presented. The major components A and B account for 55% and 40% respectively whereas the minor component constitutes for 5% of the total hemoglobin. The globin chains were separated on CM-Cellulose in 8M urea buffer. The sequence was determined by automatic Edman degradation of tryptic and hydrolytic peptides in a liquid phase sequencer. Alignment of the sequence with human hemoglobin shows 22 exchanges each for the alpha I and alpha II and 21 exchanges for the beta I and beta II chains. Within the two beta-chains three differences have been located, beta NA2 His/Gln, beta A2 Gly/Ala and beta A8 Leu/Val. The two alpha-chains are characterized by heterogeneities at position alpha A8 Val/Ile or Ala/Ile (ratio of the phenylthiohydantoin derivatives of the amino acids 1:1) and alpha AB1 Asn/Ser (ratio of the phenylthiohydantoin derivatives of the amino acids 6:4). The role of these exchanges in modulating oxygen affinity is discussed.

PMID:
3718676
DOI:
10.1515/bchm3.1986.367.1.355
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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