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Can J Microbiol. 1979 Jan;25(1):47-52.

Regulation of extracellular protease formation by Serratia marcescens.


Heavy cell suspensions of Serratia marcescens, when grown in gelatin-containing media, produce extracellular proteases which increase in specific activity in a linear fashion for 3 to 4h. During partial purification, a single peak of proteolytic activity was demonstrated by Sephadex G-100 chromatography. However, electrophoresis using 5% polyacrylamide gels discloses three proteolytically active bands. Evidence in favor of gelatin acting as an inducer of the 'proteolytic system' was provided by two observations. First, proteolytic activity is only present in media containing gelatin. Secondly, the addition of 10(-4) M rifampicin to cells growing in gelatin-containing medium plus an additional carbon source inhibits protease activity totally, but has no effect on growth. When glycerol is added to a growing cell suspension in gelatin-containing medium, growth increases, but protease specific activity decreases. This 'glycerol effect' is not due to an accumulation of active or inactive enzyme in association with the cell, nor to a decrease in the total number of proteases synthesized. Rather, glycerol, as other utilizable carbohydrates, exerts a repression which can be eliminated by 5 mM dibutyryl cyclic AMP.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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