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Life Sci. 1986 Jun 16;38(24):2179-84.

The amino acid sequence of the NH2-terminal portion of rat and human vitamin D binding protein: evidence for a high degree of homology between rat and human vitamin D binding protein.


We determined the amino terminal sequence of rat and human vitamin D binding protein (VDBP). The sequences of the two proteins are: Rat VDBP: LeuGluArgGlyArgAspTyrGluLysAspLysValCysGlnGluLeuSerThrLeuGlyLys Human VDBP: LeuGluArgGlyArgAspTyrGluLysAsnLysValCysLysGluPheSerHisLeuGlyLys AspAspPhe GluAspPhe There are 19 matches out of a total of 24 residues sequenced giving a percent match/length of 79.2%. Differences in the composition of the two proteins at residue 10, 14, 16, and 22 can be accounted for by single base changes in the the gene for the proteins. The difference (Thr----His) at residue 18 requires a change in two bases in the respective genes. We conclude that the sequence of the amino terminus of rat and human VDBP is similar with a high degree of homology between the two proteins. Vitamin D sterols, such as 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, and 25,26-dihydroxyvitamin D3, are bound with high affinity by a plasma alpha-globulin - VDBP, also known as group-specific component (Gc). Other vitamin D sterols, such as 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and vitamin D3 itself, are bound to this protein with a lesser affinity. VDBP also binds actin with high affinity. Its role in vitamin D physiology is unclear, although it may play a role in the bioavailability of different D sterols. Svasti et al. have shown that human group specific component (Gc) exists as different isoforms that have rapid or slow mobility on gel electrophoresis. The different human Gc isoforms have similar NH2-terminal and COOH-terminal amino acid sequences. The difference in the mobility of the various isoforms is due to post-translational modification of the protein by various carbohydrate residues; treatment of the protein with neuraminidase results in the conversion of the different isoforms to a single isoform. The amino acid sequence of the amino terminus of rat VDBP is not known. Recently, Cooke reported preliminary data from the analysis of cDNA clones showing that rat and human VDBP are partially homologous and that rat and human VDBP exhibit homology with rat and human albumin and alpha-fetoprotein. The NH2-terminal sequence of the rat VDBP, however, has not been reported. In order to learn more about the nature of the NH2-terminal sequence of human and rat VDBP, we isolated these proteins in relatively pure form and determined the NH2-terminal amino acid sequence of both of them.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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