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J Biol Chem. 1986 Jun 15;261(17):7680-4.

Adenosine 5'-diphosphate-dependent subunit dissociation of bovine dopamine beta-hydroxylase.


In a previous study, it was shown that purified soluble bovine dopamine beta-hydroxylase exhibits pH-dependent reversible tetramer-dimer dissociation (Saxena, A., Hensley, P., Osborne, J. C., Jr., and Fleming, P. J. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 3386-3392). Here we report evidence for the dissociation of this enzyme by magnesium-adenosine diphosphate independent of pH in the pH range 5-7. Quantitative binding of ADP to dopamine beta-hydroxylase revealed that there are two binding sites/dimeric species of hydroxylase and that ADP is tightly bound with a KD less than 10(-8) M. Kinetic data obtained at pH 5.5, the pH inside the chromaffin granule, shows that the apparent Km values for both the substrates tyramine and ascorbate are lowered by the presence of ADP without affecting the Vmax of the enzyme. The ADP-dependent lowering of apparent Km values results from a dissociation of the enzyme to the dimeric species which has inherently lower apparent Km values for substrates.

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