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J Biol Chem. 1986 Jun 5;261(16):7526-30.

Purification and chemical composition of gpL115, the human lymphocyte surface sialoglycoprotein that is defective in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome.


gpL115, the surface sialoglycoprotein that is defective in lymphocytes of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome patients has been purified from large scale cultures of the lymphoblastoid line CEM. The purification entails cell lysis and solubilization of gpL115 with the detergent Nonidet P-40, sequential affinity chromatography on lentil lectin-Sepharose, wheat germ lectin-Sepharose, and, after treatment with sialidase, on peanut lectin-Sepharose. Sepharose CL-6B gel filtration removes residual protein contaminants and transfers asialo-gpL115 from Nonidet P-40-containing to sodium dodecyl sulfate-containing buffer. The yield, 1300 micrograms of homogeneous protein/10(11) cells, represents greater than 60% recovery. The amino acid composition of gpL115 has several atypical features including low lysine content, high proline content, and very high content of hydroxyamino acids (12.5 residues of serine and 12.5 residues of threonine/100 amino acids). Total carbohydrate content of gpL115 is very high, i.e. 52% for the asialo-molecule. The major carbohydrate residues of asialo-gpL115 are galactose and N-acetylgalactosamine in approximately equimolar amounts (25 and 22 residues/100 amino acids, respectively) plus severalfold lower amounts of N-acetylglucosamine, fucose, and mannose.

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