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Xenobiotica. 1986 Mar;16(3):239-49.

The metabolism of aspirin in man: a population study.


The metabolism of a 900 mg oral dose of aspirin has been investigated in 129 healthy volunteers. For this purpose, the 0-12 h urine was collected and analysed for the following excretion products: salicylic acid, its acyl and phenolic glucuronides, salicyluric acid, its phenolic glucuronide and gentisic acid. The total excretion of salicylate and metabolites was normally distributed within the population group studied, showing a 2.5-fold variation: a mean of 68.1% of the dose was recovered in 12 h. The excretion of salicylic acid was found to be highly variable within the study panel (1.3-31% of dose in 12 h), and was related to both urine volume and pH. Salicyluric acid was the major metabolite in the majority of the volunteers and its excretion was normally distributed amongst the study panel. The elimination of this metabolite ranged from 19.8 to 65% of the dose and was related to the total recovery of salicylate. The excretion of the two salicyl glucuronides was highly variable, ranging from 0.8 to 42% of the dose. The elimination of the glucuronides was inversely related to that of salicyluric acid. Gentisic acid and salicyluric acid phenolic glucuronide were minor metabolites of salicylate, accounting for 1 and 3% of the dose, respectively. The recovery of gentisic acid was statistically significantly greater in female subjects than in males, whilst the opposite was found for salicyluric acid and total salicylate. However, these differences were small in magnitude.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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