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J Biomech. 1986;19(3):219-29.

A mathematical model of the patellofemoral joint.


A mathematical model of the patellofemoral joint taking into account movements and forces in the sagittal plane is described. The system parameters of the model are the locations of the attachments of the quadriceps muscle and the patellar ligament, the length of the patellar ligament, the dimensions of the patella and the geometry of the articulating surfaces. They were obtained from ten autopsy knees. The model enables calculation of the relative position of the patella, patellar ligament and quadriceps tendon, the location of the patellofemoral contact point and the magnitude of the patellofemoral compression force and the force in the patellar ligament as a function of the location of the tibial tuberosity at different flexion-extension angles of the knee. The model is validated by comparing model data with experimentally determined data.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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