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J Biomech. 1986;19(3):187-94.

A mathematical model of the flow in the circle of Willis.

Abstract

A mathematical model of the flow in the circle of Willis has been designed and the effects of (a) the large anatomical variation of the communicating arteries and (b) physiological changes of the resistances of the vertebral arteries have been studied. The influence of the posterior perforating arteries on the flow in the posterior communicating arteries has been investigated as well, with special attention being paid to the possible occurrence of a 'dead point'. In the model, the influence of diameters of the communicating arteries on the flow in the afferent vessels and the segments of the circle turns out to be considerable, especially in the range of the anatomical variation of the diameters. Within this range flow reductions due to an increased resistance of the vertebral artery will be compensated for by the system. Assuming that the values and ratios of the peripheral resistances are within the physiological range, a dead point is not to be expected in the flow in the posterior communicating arteries.

PMID:
3700431
DOI:
10.1016/0021-9290(86)90151-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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