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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1986 Apr;60(4):1198-202.

Changes in lung volume and rib cage configuration with abdominal binding in quadriplegia.

Abstract

Previous studies suggest that abdominal binding may affect the interaction of the rib cage and the diaphragm over the tidal range of breathing in quadriplegia. To determine whether abdominal binding influences rib cage motion over the entire range of inspiratory capacity, we used spirometry and the helium-dilution technique to measure functional residual capacity (FRC), inspiratory capacity, and total lung capacity (TLC) in eight quadriplegic and five normal subjects in supine, tilted (37 degrees), and seated positions. Combined data in all three positions indicated that, with abdominal binding, FRC and TLC decreased in normal subjects [delta FRC = -0.33 + 0.151 (SD) P less than 0.01); delta TLC = -0.16 + 0.121, P less than 0.05]. In quadriplegia there was also a reduction in FRC with binding (delta FRC = -0.32 + 0.101, P less than 0.001). However, TLC increased in quadriplegia (delta TLC = 0.07 + 0.061, P less than 0.025). In an additional six quadriplegic and five normal subjects, we used magnetometers to define the influences of abdominal binding on rib cage dimensions and TLC. In quadriplegia, rib cage dimensions were increased at TLC with abdominal binding, whereas there was no change in normals. Our data suggest that this inspiratory effect of abdominal binding on augmenting rib cage volume in quadriplegia is greater than the effect of impeding diaphragm descent, and thus abdominal binding produces a net increase in TLC in quadriplegia.

PMID:
3700303
DOI:
10.1152/jappl.1986.60.4.1198
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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