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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1986 Apr;12(4):611-5.

Cellular growth and metabolic adaptations to nutrient stress environments in tumor microregions.


Heterogeneity of cell subpopulation growth was significantly modulated by different oxygen and glucose environments and necrosis in multicellular tumor spheroids of rodent and human origin. PO2 profiles within spheroids measured with microelectrodes showed major differences associated with different oxygen and glucose supply conditions, indicating important interactions of these two substrates affecting oxygen consumption rates and cellular viability. Cellular interactions in association with the development of growth quiescence and differentiation changed oxygen consumption rates and slopes of PO2 profiles within spheroids. Protein synthesis in monolayer cells in culture was severely inhibited when exposed to extreme hypoxia, but certain proteins were synthesized at increased rates. Many of these oxygenated regulated proteins can also be induced by glucose deprivation. The data demonstrate cellular and subcellular changes in tumor models in vitro because of variations in oxygen and glucose supply. Many of these changes would be expected to occur in tumor microregions in vivo and could have important consequences for therapeutic responsiveness.

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