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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1987 Dec 1;191(11):1413-6.

Effect of water temperature on the clinical outcome of infection with Edwardsiella ictaluri in channel catfish.

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College of Veterinary Medicine, Stoneville, MS 38776.


Channel catfish fingerlings (mean body weight, 19 +/- 3 g each) were given intraperitoneal inoculations of Edwardsiella ictaluri suspensions of 10(4), 10(5), or 10(6) bacteria. Control fish were inoculated intraperitoneally with sterile 0.85% NaCl solution. Ten-day trials were conducted at water temperatures of 17, 21, 23, 25, 28, and 32 C. Differences in mortality between E ictaluri-infected fish and fish used as controls were observed at water temperatures of 23, 25, and 28 C, but not at temperatures of 17, 21, and 32 C. Clinical signs and lesions induced by intraperitoneal inoculation of E ictaluri were comparable with those found with the intestinal form of the natural disease. The characteristic erosion of skin and muscle overlying the skull, known as the "hole-in-the-head" lesion, was not observed. A given fish may be susceptible to infection at any water temperature, but a population is at risk when water temperatures are in the 22 to 28 C range.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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