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Biochemistry. 1987 Sep 22;26(19):6250-62.

Immunologic analysis of human breast cancer progesterone receptors. 1. Immunoaffinity purification of transformed receptors and production of monoclonal antibodies.

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Department of Pathology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262.


A monoclonal antibody (MAb), designated PR-6, produced against chick oviduct progesterone receptors [Sullivan, W. P., Beito, T. G., Proper, J., Krco, C. J., & Toft, D. O. (1986) Endocrinology (Baltimore) 119, 1549-1557] cross-reacts with the Mr 120,000 human B receptors. An immunomatrix prepared with PR-6 was used to purify progesterone receptors (PR) from T47D human breast cancer cells. Single-step immunoaffinity chromatography results in enrichment of B receptors (identified by immunoblot with PR-6 and by photoaffinity labeling with [3H]promegestone) to a specific activity of 1915 pmol/mg of protein (or 23% purity) and with 27% yield. Purity and yields as judged by gel electrophoresis and densitometric scanning of the B protein were approximately 1.7-fold higher due to partial loss in hormone binding activity at the elution step. A second purification step by diethylaminoethyl chromatography gives further enrichment to 3720 pmol/mg of protein (or 44% purity) to yield essentially two proteins, 120-kilodalton (kDa) B receptors and a 76-kDa non-steroid binding protein, each in approximately equivalent amounts. B receptors purified under these conditions are transformed and biologically active. They were maintained as undegraded 120-kDa doublets and retained both hormone and DNA binding activities. Isolated B receptors were free of the 90-kDa non-steroid binding protein observed to be associated with 8S untransformed receptors in other systems and were free also of the non-hormone binding 105-108-kDa B antigen described previously to copurify with chick PR. These purified B receptors were used as immunogen for production of four monoclonal antibodies against human PR. Three of the MAbs, designated as B-30 (IgG1), B-64 (IgG1), and B-11 (IgM), are specific for B receptors. The fourth MAb, A/B-52 (IgG1), reacts with both A and B receptors. The IgG MAbs are monospecific for human PR since they recognize and absorb native receptor-hormone complexes, displace the sedimentation of 4S receptors on salt containing sucrose gradients, and, by immunoblot assay of crude T47D cytosol, react only with receptor polypeptides. Although mice were injected with B receptors only, production of A/B-52 which recognized both A and B receptors provides evidence that these two proteins share regions of structural homology. These new MAbs are valuable reagents for further studies of human receptor structure and function and for clinical immunodetection of PR in breast tumors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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