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J Pharmacokinet Biopharm. 1986 Aug;14(4):397-408.

Effect of caffeine on ceftriaxone disposition and plasma protein binding in the rat.

Erratum in

  • J Pharmacokinet Biopharm 1987 Jun;15(3):345.


Previous studies have shown that caffeine can affect drug kinetics by altering drug binding to plasma protein, drug absorption, or drug distribution. In this study, the effect of caffeine on the in vivo protein binding and the disposition of ceftriaxone (a highly protein-bound cephalosporin) were investigated in the rat. Ceftriaxone 100 mg/kg and caffeine 20 mg/kg were i.v. injected via the tail vein and ceftriaxone in plasma, plasma filtrate, urine, feces, and tissues (brain, heart, kidney, liver, gut, lung, and muscle) was assayed by HPLC with UV detection. The fraction of free ceftriaxone in plasma ranged from 5.6 to 32.8% of total ceftriaxone (3-347 micrograms/ml) without caffeine and showed no alteration by caffeine. The total amount of ceftriaxone excreted in urine and feces was increased significantly (p less than 0.05) from 13.1 +/- 1.8 mg (mean +/- SD, 54.6% of total) to 15.3 +/- 1.1 mg (63.8% of total) by caffeine coadministration. The terminal half-life of ceftriaxone in plasma was shortened from 59 to 47 min, and the area under the plasma drug concentration-time curve (AUC) was reduced from 612 to 516 micrograms hr/ml. Although the peak drug concentrations and the times of peak concentration of ceftriaxone in tissues were not altered by caffeine administration, the elimination of ceftriaxone was increased, as indicated by generally shorter half-lives (decreases ranged from 17.5% in liver to 34.2% in brain) and lower AUC values (from 9.0% in heart to 54.5% in brain). These results suggest that caffeine does not alter the protein binding of ceftriaxone, but enhances the elimination of ceftriaxone in the rat.

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