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Am J Clin Nutr. 1987 Dec;46(6):886-92.

Dietary fat and the regulation of energy intake in human subjects.

Author information

1
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.

Abstract

The role of dietary fat in the regulation of energy intake was assessed by manipulating a conventional diet and measuring spontaneous food consumption. Twenty-four women each consumed a sequence of three 2-wk dietary treatments in which 15-20%, 30-35%, or 45-50% of the energy was derived from fat. These diets consisted of foods that were similar in appearance and palatability but differed in the amount of high-fat ingredients used. Relative to their energy consumption on the medium-fat diet, the subjects spontaneously consumed an 11.3% deficit on the low-fat diet and a 15.4% surfeit on the high-fat diet (p less than 0.0001), resulting in significant changes in body weight (p less than 0.001). A small amount of caloric compensation did occur (p less than 0.02), which was greatest in the leanest subjects (p less than 0.03). These results suggest that habitual, unrestricted consumption of low-fat diets may be an effective approach to weight control.

PMID:
3687822
DOI:
10.1093/ajcn/46.6.886
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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