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Padiatr Padol. 1987;22(3):259-66.

Dysrhythmias following the Mustard and Senning operation for transposition of the great arteries.

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Department of Cardiology, University of Vienna.


The prevalence and nature of late dysrhythmias following operative repair of transposition of the great arteries were evaluated in 32 children using pre- and postoperative standard electrocardiograms and postoperative Holter monitoring. The Mustard procedure was performed in 17 patients, the Senning procedure in 15 patients. The mean age at operation was 40 +/- 35 months in the Mustard and 9 +/- 6 months in the Senning group. The mean interval between operation and Holter monitoring 7 +/- 2 years in the Mustard and 1.6 +/- 1 years in the Senning group. All patients had sinus rhythm preoperatively. Following operation, the incidence of sinus rhythm increased from 59% in the Mustard and 87% in the Senning group in the first postoperative week to 76% in the Mustard and 100% in the Senning group at the end of follow-up (mean 4.6 +/- 3.5 years). Holter monitoring revealed dysrhythmias or conduction abnormalities in 12 patients (9 Mustard, 3 Senning). A permanent pacemaker had to be inserted in 2 Mustard patients because of complete atrioventricular block and sinus bradycardia with sinus arrest, respectively. Results indicate a prevalence of late postoperative dysrhythmias of 20% in the Senning and of 59% in the Mustard group (p less than 0.05). However, the significantly longer mean follow-up period of the Mustard group precludes a direct comparison between the 2 types of repair.

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