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Ophthalmology. 1987 Nov;94(11):1484-7.

Quantitative evaluation of the optic nerve head in patients with unilateral visual field loss from primary open-angle glaucoma.

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Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510.


Measurable structural alterations of the optic nerve head may precede visual field abnormalities in early open-angle glaucoma. The authors studied the optic nerve heads of 10 patients with unilateral visual field loss from primary open-angle glaucoma, and 12 age- and sex-matched normal subjects. Topographic optic nerve head parameters were measured with a system of computerized image analysis (Rodenstock Analyzer, G. Rodenstock Instrumente GMBH, Munich, W. Germany). In patients with asymmetric primary open-angle glaucoma, eyes with normal visual fields had a slightly larger mean (+/- standard error of the mean) disc rim area (0.90 +/- 0.04 mm2) than eyes with glaucomatous visual field defects (0.78 +/- 0.05 mm2). However, both sets of eyes in the asymmetric primary open-angle glaucoma patients had smaller mean disc rim areas (P less than 0.0007) than did the control group (1.27 +/- 0.09 mm2). These findings support the hypothesis that loss of the optic disc rim can be detected before perimetric abnormalities develop in primary open-angle glaucoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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