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Laryngoscope. 1987 Dec;97(12):1392-6.

Epistaxis: medical versus surgical therapy: a comparison of efficacy, complications, and economic considerations.

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Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey 17033.


A retrospective review of 4 years experience with over 32 epistaxis patients requiring hospitalization and using a standard medical or surgical therapy for control is presented. Medical therapy included the use of anterior nasal packing alone or in association with intranasal and nasopharyngeal balloon tamponade. Surgical therapy, for the most part, consisted of ethmoid and/or internal maxillary artery ligations. Most patients were treated initially with packing and balloons. Fifty-two percent of the group failed this therapy and required ligations for control. The patients who did not come to operation had fewer complications, a shorter average hospital stay, and lower average cost of hospitalization without increased risk of future epistaxis. An analysis is made comparing the results, complications, and financial implications of these two approaches.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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