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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1987 Dec;10(6):1207-13.

Effects of histamine on coronary hemodynamics in humans: role of H1 and H2 receptors.

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Istituto di Medicina Interna, Cardiologia e Chirurgia Cardiovascolare, University of Naples, Italy.


To evaluate whether histamine exerts a direct effect on coronary hemodynamics in humans, and to investigate the role played by H1 and H2 receptors in this response, intracoronary saline solution or histamine (4 micrograms) was administered in 10 patients with normal coronary arteries during diagnostic cardiac catheterization. Histamine injection was repeated after intravenous cimetidine (400 mg) and diphenhydramine (10 mg). The electrocardiogram, arterial pressure and thermodilution coronary blood flow were continuously monitored during and for 40 seconds after each injection. Immediately after histamine injection there was a significant increase in coronary blood flow (65 +/- 6%) and a decrease in coronary vascular resistance (-40 +/- 3%) (both p less than 0.001), with minor changes in the RR interval and the mean arterial pressure. H2 receptor blockade with cimetidine did not affect these changes, while H1 receptor blockade with diphenhydramine significantly reduced the histamine-induced increase in coronary blood flow and the decrease in coronary vascular resistance (26 +/- 6%, p less than 0.005 and -18 +/- 5%, p less than 0.001, respectively). Twenty to 30 seconds after histamine injection, a significant decrease in mean arterial pressure (-17 +/- 2%, p less than 0.001) and in the RR interval (-4 +/- 1%, p less than 0.01) was observed. These changes persisted after H2 receptor blockade with cimetidine, but were completely abolished after H1 receptor blockade with diphenhydramine. In each case coronary and systemic hemodynamics returned to normal within 40 seconds of the injection.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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