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Dev Biol. 1987 Dec;124(2):370-8.

Protein phosphorylation in response to the tumor promoter TPA is dependent on the state of differentiation of muscle cells.

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INSERM U. 153, Paris, France.


We have shown previously (A. Sobel and A. H. Tashjian, Jr. (1983). J. Biol. Chem. 258, 10,312-10,324;A. Sobel and M.C. Boutterin (1985). Neurochem. Int. 7, 995-1006) that, in the pituitary-derived GH4C1 cells, thyrotropin-releasing hormone or the tumor promoter TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate) stimulates the phosphorylation of two sets of cytoplasmic proteins related to the regulation of prolactin synthesis and release, respectively. Interestingly, phosphoproteins with identical electrophoretic migration properties on two-dimensional gels were detected in cultured neonate or adult mouse muscle cells and in the L6 and C2 myogenic cell lines. In addition TPA, which is known to have many actions on muscle cell functions, proliferation, and differentiation, stimulated the phosphorylation of these same proteins in myoblasts in culture. After fusion of the proliferating myoblasts into differentiated myotubes, this TPA-induced stimulation was strongly reduced in normal muscle cell cultures where some mononucleate muscle and non-muscle cells remained present. It was totally abolished in the homogeneous L6 and C2 cell lines. These observations suggest that the same phosphoproteins may be related to the intracellular mechanisms involved in the transduction of extracellular regulatory signals in such distinct differentiated environments as those of pituitary and muscle cells. In muscle cells themselves, the regulation of the phosphorylation of these proteins is function of the cell's state of differentiation.

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