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Anal Biochem. 1987 Jul;164(1):156-63.

Tandem mass spectrometric determination of 11-dehydrothromboxane B2, an index metabolite of thromboxane B2 in plasma and urine.

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Universitätskinderklinik, Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany.


11-Dehydrothromboxane B2 is one of the major enzymatic metabolites of thromboxane B2 (TXB2), a biologically inactive product of thromboxane A2. The short half-life of thromboxane A2 and ex vivo production of thromboxane B2 by platelet activation make these prostanoid metabolites inappropriate as indices of systemic thromboxane biosynthesis, whereas 11-dehydro-TXB2 has been shown to reflect the release of thromboxane A2 in the human blood circulation. Analysis of 11-dehydro-TXB2 in plasma and urine was performed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry using the chemically synthesized tetradeuterated compound as an internal standard. The high selectivity of triple-stage quadrupole mass spectrometry (tandem mass spectrometry) considerably facilitates sample purification as compared to single quadrupole mass spectrometric determination. Plasma concentrations in five healthy male volunteers were in the range 0.8-2.5 pg/ml. Urinary excretion of 11-dehydro-TXB2 was higher than that of 2,3-dinor-TXB2: 1.2 +/- 0.36 micrograms/24 h vs 0.53 +/- 0.33 micrograms/24 h (n = 5). Thus 11-dehydro-TXB2 appears at present to be the best index metabolite of systemic TXA2 activity in plasma as well as in urine.

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