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Rheumatol Int. 1987;7(3):113-22.

The synthesis of hyaluronic acid by human synovial fibroblasts is influenced by the nature of the hyaluronate in the extracellular environment.

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Raymond Purves Research Laboratories, University of Sydney, Royal North Shore Hospital, St. Leonards, N.S.W., Australia.


Various cell lines of human synovial fibroblasts derived from synovium obtained at the time of biopsy or total joint-replacement surgery have been established. The synthesis of 3H-labelled hyaluronic acid (HA) in these cells has been determined, and the effects of adding HA of varying molecular size to the cultured cells examined. The results obtained clearly show that the in vitro synthesis of HA by these cells is influenced by the concentration and molecular weight (MW) of the HA in their extracellular environment. Synovial fibroblasts derived from an osteoarthritic joint demonstrated the most marked response on exposure to exogenous HA, showing a stimulation of HA synthesis with preparations of weight-average molecular weight (Mw) greater than 5 X 10(5) in a concentration dependent manner. HA preparations with Mw less than 5 X 10(5) showed little or no effect except at high concentrations where a suppression of biosynthesis was observed. A model to explain these findings is proposed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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