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Prostate. 1987;11(2):195-210.

Transplantable human prostatic carcinoma (PC-82) in athymic nude mice: I. Hormone dependence and the concentration of androgens in plasma and tumor tissue.

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Department of Urology, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


This paper is the first part of a series of three describing a number of observations made on the PC-82 human prostatic carcinoma, xenografted into nude mice. The previously described androgen-dependence, one of the main properties of this tumor, has been the subject of subsequent studies. The impact of hormonal manipulation on the growth of the tumor and on plasma and tissue concentrations of androgens is discussed in this first part of the series. The great variability of plasma testosterone (T) levels in intact male mice (range: 1-90 nmol/liter) has been levelled out by the use of T-containing Silastic implants, resulting in levels ranging from 18 to 35 nmol/liter. Moreover, this route of administration also facilitated hormonal manipulation of tumor bearing mice. Androgen withdrawal from male mice with growing PC-82 tumors caused 80% tumor regression at ten weeks after androgen deprivation; the decline of the tumor volume followed a biphasic course. Delayed androgen substitution in castrated male mice grafted with PC-82 30 days before resulted in growth of the tumor tissue. This indicates that cells do not die and keep the capability to respond to androgens. It was concluded that the growth of the PC-82 tumor is not compatible with plasma T levels lower than 1 nmol/liter. Variable concentrations of endogenous T and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) were detected in total homogenates of PC-82 tumor tissue. Androgen withdrawal from T-implanted, tumor-bearing female mice caused a rapid reduction (90% within one day) of the tissue-T and a slower decline (up to 90% within seven to ten days) of tissue-DHT concentrations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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