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Int J Cardiol. 1987 Oct;17(1):15-24.

A questionnaire to assess premonitory symptoms of myocardial infarction.

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Department of Medical Psychology, Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands.


To test the hypothesis that feelings of vital exhaustion precede the onset of myocardial infarction, and to develop a short questionnaire to assess these feelings, a prospective study was done among 3877 males, aged 39-65 years. During a 4.2-year follow-up period, 59 fatal or non-fatal infarctions occurred. The mean score of future coronary causes as determined by a questionnaire assessing feelings of vital exhaustion was significantly higher than the mean score of a control group matched for age, blood pressure, cholesterol and smoking. Given the validity of the model, it was possible to reduce markedly the size of the questionnaire.

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