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Eur J Biochem. 1987 Oct 1;168(1):1-11.

In vitro and in vivo synthesis of dolichol and other main mevalonate products in various organs of the rat.

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1
Department of Pathology, Huddinge Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

The relative rate of biosynthesis of dolichol from [3H]mevalonate in nine rat organs was studied in slices and in the whole animal. This biosynthesis was also compared to that of cholesterol and ubiquinone. All tissues examined are able to synthesize dolichol, as well as ubiquinone and cholesterol. Comparison of the data from slices in vitro with the in vivo studies demonstrated relatively good agreement for dolichol and ubiquinone synthesis. Although dolichol of high specific radioactivity was recovered in the blood, redistribution between organs, such as occurs with cholesterol, appears to be insignificant. The highest rates of dolichol biosynthesis were found in kidney, spleen and liver. On the other hand, muscle makes the largest contribution to total body dolichol synthesis. Newly synthesized dolichol also appears in the bile, but excretion by this route is far from sufficient to account for dolichol turnover. Incorporation of mevalonate into the final products is mainly dependent on biosynthetic activity. For comparison of the biosynthetic rates in different organs, possible sources of errors (such as variations in the size of the precursor pool, limitation by the rate of precursor uptake or non-linear incorporation) were investigated the size of the mevalonate pool in various organs. Equilibration of this pool with exogenous mevalonate is a rapid and passive process. The size of the mevalonate pool does not determine the rates of cholesterol and dolichol biosynthesis, indicating the presence of regulatory steps in the terminal portion of these biosynthetic pathways.

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