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Cell Tissue Res. 1987 Sep;249(3):487-96.

Immunohistochemical localization of laminin, neural cell adhesion molecule, collagen type IV and T-61 antigen in the embryonic retina of the Japanese quail by in vivo injection of antibodies.

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Max-Planck Guest Laboratory, Institute of Cell Biology, Academia Sinica, Shanghai, China.


Antibodies against laminin (LN), fibronectin (FN), collagen type IV (Col IV), neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM), T-61 antigen, actin, tubulin and neurofilament protein were injected into the eyes of quail embryos (Coturnix coturnix japonica) of different ages. Twenty h after injection, the heads of the embryos were fixed and the antibodies visualized in sections with the use of fluorescein-isothiocyanate (FITC) or peroxidase-labeled second antibodies by light- and electron microscopy. Antibodies against cell surface molecules, such as N-CAM, LN, Col IV and T 61, labeled matrix and membrane components of the retinal cells in different antigen-specific patterns. Antibodies against intracellular antigens, such as actin, tubulin and neurofilament protein labeled nonspecifically the vitreous body and the inner basal lamina of the retina, but resulted in only a very weak and diffuse labeling of retinal cells. N-CAM was detected in high concentration in the optic fiber layer on the surface of axons and on the membranes of all retinal cells. Col IV, LN and T 61 antigen were found predominantly in the optic fiber layer. LN and Col IV were located on the surface of axons and the endfeet of ventricular (neuroepithelial) cells in a patchy distribution. The T-61 antigen was found in early stages in the cell-free space of the optic fiber layer, on the surface of ventricular cells and axons, and at later stages also in high-density patches between nerve fibers. The distribution of LN and T-61 antigen together with data from in vitro experiments suggests a crucial role of these proteins in axon extension in the avian retina during early development of the optic fiber layer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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