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Cancer Res. 1987 Nov 15;47(22):5846-52.

Antitumor activity and pharmacokinetics in mice of 8-carbamoyl-3-methyl-imidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazin-4(3H)-one (CCRG 81045; M & B 39831), a novel drug with potential as an alternative to dacarbazine.

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1
Pharmaceutical Sciences Institute, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Abstract

A number of 3-alkyl analogues of the experimental antitumor drug mitozolomide [8-carbamoyl-3-(2-chloroethyl)imidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazin-4(3H )-one] have been screened against murine tumors in vivo. Only the compounds with a 3-methyl- or 3-bromoethyl group possessed significant antitumor activity against the TLX5 lymphoma. The 3-methyl analogue, 8-carbamoyl-3-methylimidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazin-4(3H)-one (CCRG 81045), was investigated further and found to possess good activity, when administered i.p., against the L1210 and P388 leukemias, the M5076 reticulum cell sarcoma, B16 melanoma, and ADJ/PC6A plasmacytoma. The drug was also active when administered p.o. to mice bearing the L1210 leukemia. A daily for 5 days schedule of 100 mg/kg CCRG 81045 produced increases of survival time of treated animals compared to controls of 176 and greater than 235% against the P388 and L1210 leukemias, respectively. In the female C57BL x DBA/2 F1 mouse the 10% lethal dose was 125 mg/kg daily for 5 days. CCRG 81045 was found to undergo mild alkaline hydrolysis and ring fission to form the linear triazene 5-(3-methyltriazen-1-yl)imidazole-4-carboxamide, which is the putative metabolite formed upon metabolic activation of the antitumor drug dacarbazine [5-(3,3-dimethyltriazen-1-yl)imidazole-4-carboxamide]. The half-life of CCRG 81045 at 37 degrees C in 0.2 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) was 1.24 h, whereas that of 5-(3-methyltriazen-1-yl)imidazole-4-carboxamide at 25 degrees C was reported to be 8 min (F. H. Shealy and C. A. Krauth, J. Med. Chem., 9:34-37, 1966). The half-life of CCRG 81045 in human plasma in vitro at 37 degrees C was 0.42 h. Pharmacokinetic experiments conducted in BALB/c mice produced plasma profiles of CCRG 81045, administered i.p. or p.o., which showed a rapid absorption phase, elimination half-lives of 1.13 h (i.p.) and 1.29 h (p.o.), and a bioavailability of 0.98.

PMID:
3664486
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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