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Br J Psychiatry. 1987 Mar;150:345-54.

Five-year outcome and prognosis in schizophrenia: a report from the London Field Research Centre of the International Pilot Study of Schizophrenia.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, McMaster University Medical Centre, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.


A sample of 100 schizophrenic patients admitted to London area psychiatric hospitals were examined as part of the International Pilot Study of Schizophrenia. Clinical and social outcome were variable. At 5-year follow-up, 49% had good symptomatic outcome and 42%, good social outcome. Poor social functioning at inclusion was predictive of poor symptomatic outcome. Illness history (IH), occupational functioning (OF), social relationship functioning (SRF), negative and non-specific symptoms (NNS) at initial evaluation, and their interaction with sex and race accounted for 32% of the 5-year symptomatic outcome variance (n = 84; F = 3.48; P less than 0.001). OF, SRF, housing status, NNS and their interaction with sex, race and age accounted for 47% of the social outcome variance (n = 62; F = 2.62; P less than 0.007).

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